3D Printing Trends

Patrick Yott
Associate Dean, Digital Strategies and Services, Libraries
Northeastern University

Terry Ann Jankowski
Assistant Director for User Experience
University of Washington

Tania P. Bardyn
Associate Dean & Director, Health Sciences Library
University of Washington

Paul Ludecke
University of Washington

“3D Printing at Northeastern: The Studio Model” (Yott)

When Northeastern University undertook to integrate 3D printing into the library in the summer of 2013, the goal was to not simply offer a printer or two, but to develop an environment where students, faculty, staff could find an expert staff, a range of printers, scanners, and laser cutters, and a place to experiment with the technology. In November of that year, the 3D Printing Studio opened its doors. Led by an engineer, and staffed by a cadre of work-study and volunteer student “engineers” and “artists,” the studio has worked with a clientele that includes scientists, engineers, artists, health professionals, humanists, romantics, entrepreneurs, and the generally curious. This project update will include information about the planning process, efforts to integrate the studio in the life of the campus, promotional and business models, and future plans.

Presentation (Yott)

“Hearts, Skulls & Molar Containers: The Opportunities and Challenges of 3D Printing Pilot in a Health Sciences Library” (Jankowski, Bardyn, Ludecke)

The University of Washington (UW) Health Sciences Library (HSL) received partial funding from UW’s Student Technology Fund to purchase a MakerBot Replicater 3D printer to offer 3D printing in the library either as a free or fee-based service. The UW HSL serves six schools of health sciences, three teaching hospitals, and a network of clinics, as well as the wider UW interdisciplinary biomedical community. Together, we planned and implemented the service campus-wide with priority for service going to health sciences students and class assignments. A white paper, by the Associate Dean & Library Director helped garner faculty support for a fee-based service among the health sciences schools. A technology staff member managed the technical aspects of the pilot project, and a librarian focused on publicity, policies, and procedures. The service was offered first as a 1.5 month pilot project at no charge to users in order to gather data to establish fees for service as well as evolve policies and procedures. The pilot project has painted a clearer picture of our constituents’ needs as well as the opportunities and challenges moving forward. The HSL also made contact with other groups on campus offering similar services.


The Academic Preservation Trust: Report on First Months of Production

Andrew Diamond
Senior Preservation Software & Systems Engineer
Academic Preservation Trust

Chip German
Program Director
Academic Preservation Trust

Nathan Tallman
Digital Content Strategist
University of Cincinnati

Jamie Little
Digital Programmer
University of Miami

Linda Newman
Head, Digital Collections and Repositories
University of Cincinnati

With the University of Cincinnati depositing the first “production” content in the newly completed repository of the Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) consortium in December 2014, the APTrust team is seeing results of design choices made in previous months during development. Together with session attendees and member institutions, we’ll examine the rationale and results of decisions affecting the balance between reliability and performance as part of a broader look at what it is like to use the community-developed, cloud-based repository in its early days.



Addressing Institutional Challenges to Providing Accessible Digital Content

Judy Ruttenberg
Program Director
Association of Research Libraries

Jonathan Lazar
Professor of Computer and Information Sciences
Towson University

Sheryl Burgstahler
Founder and Director, DO-IT Center
University of Washington

This session will address issues related to ensuring digital accessibility for people with disabilities to digital scholarly content, or providing services or platforms for that content. The presentation will include a review of some of the latest research and talk about two challenges for accessibility and universal design in higher education: faculty incentives and institutional transparency. The DO-IT (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology) Center at the University of Washington (UW) is an exemplar in addressing these challenges. UW’s commitment to accessible technology is longstanding, predating even the Americans with Disabilities Act. Since 2006, UW has received National Science Foundation funding to build institutional capacity for Web accessibility and to expand opportunities for people with disabilities in computer science, and most recently, engineering.


Annotated Manuscripts in the IIIF Environment: Enhancing Scholarship and Creating Communities

Stephen Nichols
Professor Emeritus German and Romance Languages
Johns Hopkins University

Tamsyn Rose-Steel
CLIR/Mellon Fellow in Medieval Data Curatio
Johns Hopkins University

Sayeed Choudhury
Associate Dean for Research Data Management
Johns Hopkins University

The subject of digital annotations is an area of increasing interest and technological investment. For example, the W3C working group on Web annotation are chartered to develop specifications for an “interoperable, sharable, distributed Web annotation architecture” and have recently launched its data model and use cases; while Johns Hopkins University (JHU), in partnership with Princeton University and University College London, has received a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to study annotated early modern books: the ‘Archaeology of Reading’ project will involve the transcription of thousands of handwritten marginalia into a digital format that can be mined and analyzed systematically in an electronic environment. In this presentation we will discuss the use cases we are developing for viewing and annotating manuscripts in a SharedCanvas viewer such as Mirador 2. SharedCanvas is a data model that “specifies a linked data based approach for describing digital facsimiles of physical objects in a collaborative fashion,” and has been developed within the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) to be of particular use to items of cultural heritage, such as medieval manuscripts. Our team, consisting of software developers and scholars, will show the potential of annotated images and discuss how we propose to build on this to create a hub for scholarship. We will present as a case study the sites curated by JHU: the Archaeology of Reading and the Digital Library of Medieval Manuscripts, which is home to the Roman de la Rose Digital Library, Christine de Pizan Digital Scriptorium and Bible Historiale Manuscript Portal. Two in-depth scholarly use case scenarios will examine how linked annotations can be used to explore changes in rubrication in Rose manuscripts, and to understand networks of citation in medieval literature.



BIBFLOW: A Roadmap for Library Linked Data Implementation


MacKenzie Smith
University Librarian
University of California, Davis

Carl G. Stahmer
Director of Digital Scholarship
University of California, Davis

Eric Miller

BIBFLOW is an Institute of Museum and Library Services supported project that aims to document the internal effects of the conversion of library records to Linked Data, with a particular focus on the forthcoming BIBFRAME framework. While many projects have, or are currently, focused on how Linked Data will transform the library catalogue and discovery of library resources, BIBFLOW is focused on how Linked Data will transform the inner-workings of the library itself to support the vision of Linked Data-driven discovery as well as streamline operations. To this end, the project is implementing a modified, Linked Data native version of the Kuali-OLE library management system in order to test and document the ways in which library workflows are impacted by Linked Data implementation. We are also evaluating the plans of library-related organizations that deal in bibliographic data to assess their readiness to support Linked Data. The final deliverable of the project will be a “road map” that library administrators and staff can use as a practical guide to navigating the transition to Linked Data at their own institution. At the briefing, the project’s primary partners, the University Library of the University of California, Davis and Zephiera, Inc., will demonstrate their Linked Data cataloguing system, discuss workflows being tested, and deliver preliminary results of the testing. Briefing attendees will also be provided with information on how their institutions can virtually participate in the ongoing testing effort.


Building a Vast Library of Life: The Biodiversity Heritage Library Looks to the Future

Martin R. Kalfatovic
Program Director, Biodiversity Heritage Library
Smithsonian Institution

Nancy E. Gwinn
Chair, Biodiversity Heritage Library
Smithsonian Institution

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is an international consortium of natural history museums, botanical gardens, agricultural, university, biological research libraries, and like organizations and institutions (“BHL Member Institutions”) whose purpose is to improve research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. As the BHL approaches its tenth anniversary, it has transformed its partner organizations, built a robust technology infrastructure and community, and developed an organizational framework for sustainability. This session will provide a brief look back on the BHL’s past and focus on key strategies and challenges as BHL looks towards its second decade in a dramatically changed networked environment.



Building Expertise to Support Digital Scholarship: A Global Perspective

Vivian Lewis
University Librarian
McMaster University

Lisa Spiro
Executive Director, Digital Scholarship Services
Rice University

Xuemao Wang
Dean and University Librarian
University of Cincinnati

Jon E. Cawthorne
Dean of Libraries
West Virginia University

What skills, knowledge, competencies and mindsets are important to the practice of digital scholarship? How is this expertise best developed? Does the shape of this expertise vary around the world? This presentation will present key results from our pilot global benchmarking study on digital scholarship expertise, a planning grant funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. We visited leading digital humanities and digital social science organizations in the United Kingdom, Germany, China, India, Taiwan, Mexico, the United States and Canada, conducting interviews with research staff, faculty, graduate students, and administrators in order to understand the core skills required for digital scholarship and the characteristics of organizations that cultivate these skills. Our study demonstrated the importance of collaborative competencies and learning mindsets as well as technical skills, domain knowledge, methodological competencies, and management skills. In addition, we observed that most digital scholars–particularly more senior ones–acquired their expertise through self-education, but that they also benefit from belonging to lively communities of practice. While our study did not include enough sites to allow us to generalize about the similarities and differences between digital scholarship organizations around the world, we did note the significance of factors such as funding, history, and career structures in informing the shape of digital scholarship expertise in local contexts.


Collaborating to Develop and Test Research Data Preservation Workflows

Geoff Harder
Associate University Librarian
University of Alberta

Leanne Trimble
Data and Geospatial Librarian
Scholars Portal

Dugan O’Neil
Chief Science Officer
Compute Canada

Brian Owen
Associate University Librarian
Simon Fraser University

Martha Whitehead
Vice-Provost and University Librarian
Queen’s University

In recent years, research data management services have been emerging in academic libraries across Canada, but with uneven availability and fledgling infrastructure. In 2014, the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) launched a project to develop a national research data management network that would be a collaborative undertaking by academic libraries and national cyberinfrastructure providers. This initiative, now named Portage, looked at leveraging existing open source tools and local/regional initiatives already underway with a view to scaling them to the national level. During the pilot year the groundwork was laid for a preservation and discovery network that addresses the full lifecycle for research data. It has demonstrated it is feasible to connect commonly used data management systems and virtual research environments such as Dataverse and Islandora with digital preservation systems such as Archivematica, and deposit the resulting archival information packets on storage systems such as the Ontario Library Research Cloud and the national high performance computing network provided by Compute Canada. With support from Research Data Canada and CANARIE, the Portage team and Compute Canada worked together to build this model. Compute Canada also tested a new data publication service offered by Globus, a service that already supports high-speed data replication across Compute Canada nodes. In this session, three different data workflows will be discussed: Islandora-Archivematica, Dataverse-Archivematica and Globus. Other key elements of Portage will also be outlined, including the development of a network of expertise that will provide free access to research data management tools and resources and manage the Portage Data Management Plan Builder.


Digital Preservation Network Progress Report

Evviva Weinraub Lajoie
Services Manager
Digital Preservation Network

David Pcolar
Technical Manager
Digital Preservation Network

The Digital Preservation Network (DPN) has made significant progress in technical, legal, and service definition since our last update. A status update and overview of development needed for a ‘soft launch’ release later in 2015 will be presented by the DPN Services and Technical managers. Our initial pilot, completed in the fall of 2014, provided an exercise of the technical infrastructure and several non-technical objectives. Reflecting on that experience, DPN is moving forward with refinement of the deposit process, drafting of legal and service level agreements, preparation of materials and application of metadata, and other work needed to ensure long-term preservation. We will also discuss breakthrough concepts related to Succession Rights language for deposit agreements to ensure future access to preserved content.