An alternative access method for the same information available from the CNI-ANNOUNCE listserv.
Recent talks on stewardship at scale by CNI director Clifford Lynch are now available online:
Challenges of Stewardship at Scale in the Digital Age
Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing Distinguished Speaker Series, Jan. 30, 2014
“Over the centuries, we have developed a very complex system for managing and preserving our intellectual and cultural record. This system is now under enormous strain and trying to respond and adapt to changes in how we communicate and the ways in which technology can represent various modes of communication. We are recognizing that, particularly for digital materials, much more active stewardship is required; this has given rise to a major focus on data curation in the scholarly world. In addition, many stewardship institutions are no longer economically sustainable or stable, and for a number of reasons we are entering an era where I believe transitions of stewardship responsibility from one organization to another will become increasingly commonplace. My talk will examine all of these developments in contexts that range from management of research data to art collections, and will consider social, economic and technological forces reshaping the landscape.”
Keynote Address: Sharing and Preserving Scholarship: Challenges of Coherence and Scale
CENIC (Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California) 2014 Annual Conference, March 10, 2014
“Scholarly practice in all disciplines — humanities, sciences, and social sciences — increasingly relies upon high performance computing, novel and advanced distributed sensor systems, high-speed networking and massive data resources. Our cultural and intellectual record broadly, not just the record of scholarship, is taking on new dimensions and characteristics and now exists largely in digital form; this record is essential evidence for future scholarship as well as a memory for our society. We are also seeing a series of societal changes that are placing a much greater emphasis on public access, transparency and reproducibility in these large scale records of scholarship and society. A central challenge facing the higher education, research and cultural memory sectors is how to develop the necessary strategies and supporting infrastructure to deal with these demands effectively, affordably, and at the requisite scale. In my presentation, I will explore the specifics of these challenges and briefly outline some of the responses that are emerging.”
I wanted to share the announcement of this new report from the UK Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) addressing payoffs from data curation and data sharing with the CNI community. It has already generated some lively discussion on more specialized lists, but because of its synthesizing nature and focus on specific benefits, I thought that it would be of broad interest, and many readers of this list might not have heard about it yet.
Beagrie, N. and Houghton J.W. (2014) The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A synthesis of three recent studies of UK research data centres, Jisc. PDF (24 pages)
I have reproduced the more detailed announcement below.
New Research: The value and impact of data curation and sharing
2 April 2014
Substantial resources are being invested in the development and provision of services for the curation and long-term preservation of research data. It is a high priority area for many stakeholders, and there is strong interest in establishing the value and sustainability of these investments.
This synthesis report published today aims to summarise and reflect on the findings from a series of recent studies, conducted by Neil Beagrie of Charles Beagrie Ltd. and Prof. John Houghton of Victoria University, into the value and impact of three well established research data centres – the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), and the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC). It provides a summary of the key findings from new research and reflects on: the methods that can be used to collect data for such studies; the analytical methods that can be used to explore value, impacts, costs and benefits; and the lessons learnt and recommendations arising from the series of studies as a whole.
The data centre studies combined quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to quantify value in economic terms and present other, non-economic, impacts and benefits. Uniquely, the studies cover both users and depositors of data, and we believe the surveys of depositors undertaken are the first of their kind. All three studies show a similar pattern of findings, with data sharing via the data centres having a large measurable impact on research efficiency and on return on investment in the data and services. These findings are important for funders, both for making the economic case for investment in data curation and sharing and research data infrastructure, and for ensuring the sustainability of such research data centres.
The quantitative economic analysis indicates that:
· The value to users exceeds the investment made in data sharing and curation via the centres in all three cases – with the benefits from 2.2 to 2.7 times the costs;
· Very significant increases in work efficiency are realised by users as a result of their use of the data centres – with efficiency gains from 2 to 20 times the costs; and
· By facilitating additional use, the data centres significantly increase the returns on investment in the creation/collection of the data hosted – with increases in returns from 2 to 12 times the costs.
The qualitative analysis indicates that:
· Academic users report that the centres are very or extremely important for their research, with between 53% and 61% of respondents across the three surveys reporting that it would have a major or severe impact on their work if they could not access the data and services; and
· For depositors, having the data preserved for the long-term and its dissemination being targeted to the academic community are seen as the most beneficial aspects of depositing data with the centres.
An important aim of the studies was to contribute to the further development of impact evaluation methods that can provide estimates of the value and benefits of research data sharing and curation infrastructure investments. This synthesis reflects on lessons learnt and provides a set of recommendations that could help develop future studies of this type.
Key areas for further research include: extending such studies to newer data centers and lower levels of aggregation (e.g. data sets), conducting follow-up studies to track the evolution of value over time, drilling down in the key impact areas of reuse and efficiency, and further development of the methods (e.g. refining the questionnaires and better integrating the estimates into a single overview).
The synthesis report
Beagrie, N. and Houghton J.W. (2014) The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A synthesis of three recent studies of UK research data centres, Jisc. PDF (24 pages)
About the authors
Neil Beagrie is Director of Consultancy at Charles Beagrie Ltd, an independent management consultancy company specialising in the digital archive, library, science and research sectors. Neil is an internationally recognised expert in research data management and digital preservation and was Principal Investigator for the Keeping Research Data Safe (KRDS) research projects and the international consultant to the US National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP). He has published extensively on data curation and digital preservation issues. Further information including published articles and recent talks are available from www.beagrie.com.
John Houghton is Professorial Fellow at Victoria University’s Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies (VISES). He has published and spoken widely on information technology, industry and science and technology policy issues, and he has been a regular consultant to national and international agencies, including the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. John’s research is at the interface of theory and practice with a strong focus on the policy application of economic and social theory. Consequently, his contribution tends to be in bringing knowledge of research methods to bear on policy issues in an effort to raise the level of policy debate and improve policy outcomes. In 1998, John was awarded an Australia Day Medal for his contribution to industry policy development.
Contact neil and john.houghton
One of the questions that comes up repeatedly is about the genuinely new applications that very high speed (eg gigabit) networks can enable, as opposed to the role of these networks in just aggregating large numbers of much slower individual connections. Not only is this a critical issue in networking within the research and education community, but the question is at the heart of many policy discussions about broadband to the home (and what constitutes sufficiently broadband connectivity). It is also linked to closely to some of the questions that the American Library Association has explored about the need for high-speed connections supporting public libraries.
This recent blog post on the very helpful computing community consortium offers a very interesting list of some example applications:
At the CNI Spring Member Meeting earlier this week, Karen Smith-Yoshimura from OCLC and Micah Altman from MIT gave a wonderful presentation of the work of the OCLC Registering Researchers Task Group (see http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/registering-researchers.html ). We should have the materials from their talk available soon, along with other sessions from the Spring meeting.
As part of this presentation, Karen drew attention to a very recently released draft report for comment from this group, which I wanted to highlight for the CNI community, since it is integral to the issues involved in the CNI focus on network-based factual biography. The direct URL for the report is
for some additional background.
Karen is looking for comments by April 30.
The schedule for CNI’s spring 2014 membership meeting has been posted: www.cni.org/go/cni-spring-2014-schedule
Also posted recently to the meeting website (www.cni.org/mm/spring-2014):
*Project briefing abstracts
*Complete schedule of events for download (PDF)
We will be posting meeting updates from the CNI Twitter account (twitter.com/cni_org) using the hashtag #cni14s and we encourage other twitterers to do the same. The meeting opens next Monday, March 31, and will be held at The Ritz-Carlton in St. Louis, Missouri.
We look forward to seeing you next week!
From our colleague at the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI):
Greetings, just writing with a quick reminder that there is still time to register for the ELI online focus session on faculty development (April 1-3, noon to 3:30 ET each day).
To develop the focus session, the ELI reviewed nearly one hundred faculty development practices from nearly as many institutions. The Focus Session will present the best practices across those institutions. We are targeting the topic of faculty development throughout 2014, as we feel it is pivotal to the institution’s moving forward in its teaching and learning mission.
We realize it’s difficult to reserve that much time in a week. Mindful of that, we will be recording every session and these recordings will be available to all registrants immediately after the Focus Session concludes. Hence no matter what your schedule might be, you won’t have to miss a thing!
We hope you can join us! If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me at email@example.com
Director, EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative
Uncommon Thinking for the Common Good
1150 18th Street, NW, Suite 900 Washington, DC 20036
direct: 575.448.1313 | main: 202.872.4200 | fax: 202.872.4318 | educause.edu<http://www.educause.edu/>
Our colleagues at NISO invite CNI members to comment on this draft.
–Joan Lippincott, CNI
NISO Releases Recommended Practice on Demand-Driven Acquisition of Monographs for Public Comment
The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is seeking comments on the draft recommended practice Demand-Driven Acquisition of Monographs (NISO RP‑20‑201x). Launched in June 2012, the NISO Demand Driven Acquisition (DDA) Working Group was charged with developing a flexible model for DDA (also referred to as patron-driven acquisition) that works for publishers, vendors, aggregators, and libraries. The draft Recommended Practice discusses and makes recommendations about key aspects of DDA, goals and objectives of a DDA program, choosing parameters of the program, profiling options, managing MARC records for DDA, removing materials from the consideration pool, assessment of the program, providing long-term access to un-owned content, consortial considerations for DDA, and public library DDA.
“Libraries have embraced DDA because it has the potential to rebalance the collection away from possible use toward immediate need,” stated Michael Levine-Clark, Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and Collections Services at University of Denver Libraries and NISO DDA Working Group Co-chair. “It is important that, regardless of the model used, the program be sustainable for publishers, vendors, and libraries, that there is some free discovery without triggering purchase, and that discovery is integrated in some way with other tools in use by the library. This Recommended Practice addresses all those issues and more.”
“The guidelines in this draft Recommended Practice will allow libraries to develop DDA plans for both electronic and print books that meet differing local collecting and budgetary needs while also allowing consortial participation and cross-aggregator implementation,” explained Barbara Kawecki, Director of Sales, Western U.S. at YBP Library Services and NISO DDA Working Group Co-chair. “Although DDA has been adopted primarily by academic libraries, greater interest in and use of DDA by public libraries is expected in the future and these recommendations should work equally well for them.”
“The DDA Working Group conducted focus groups and surveyed a wide variety of existing users of DDA prior to developing their recommendations,” said Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director for Programs. “We are interested in feedback on this draft Recommended Practice from organizations already involved with DDA as well as those just getting started or considering a DDA program. This feedback will be used to make any needed revisions to the document before final publication of the recommendations.”
The draft recommended practice is open for public comment through April 24, 2014. To download the draft or submit online comments, visit the Demand-Driven Acquisition Working Group webpage at: www.niso.org/workrooms/dda/
Technical Editor / Consultant
National Information Standards Organization
A new, comprehensive resource on ETDs is now available. CNI’s Joan Lippincott served as a reviewer on the project. A link to the document is included in the announcement below.
The ETD Lifecycle Management project is pleased to make available the Guidance Documents for Lifecycle Management of ETDs. The full suite of Guidance Documents is freely available from Educopia Publishing (http://www.educopia.org/publishing/gdlmetd) and can also be obtained from the Networked Digital Library of Theses & Dissertations – NDLTD website (http://www.ndltd.org/resources/manage-etds).
About the ETD Guidance Documents
Written by ETD program experts from several established and well-respected academic institutions (see below), the Guidance Documents are geared towards the full range of stakeholders in ETD programs from administrators to graduate schools to librarians to vendors. The Guidance Documents cover a range of curation topics that span the lifecycle for ETDs.
• Guidelines for Implementing ETD Programs – Roles & Responsibilities
• Guide to Access Levels and Embargoes of ETDs
• Briefing on Copyright and Fair Use Issues in ETDs
• Guidelines for Collecting Usage Metrics and Demonstrations of Value for ETD Programs
• Managing the Lifecycle of ETDs: Curatorial Decisions and Practices
• Metadata for ETD Lifecycle Management
• Guide to ETD Program Planning and Cost Estimation
• Guide to Options for ETD Programs
About the Document Authors & Editors
The Guidance Document for Lifecycle Management of ETDs have been authored by ETD program experts from the University of North Texas, Virginia Tech, George Washington University, Boston College, Indiana State University, Pennsylvania State University, and University of Arizona. The documents were edited by representatives from the Educopia Institute, the MetaArchive Cooperative, and the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
About the Project
Funded by the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and led by the University of North Texas, in partnership with the NDLTD and Educopia Institute, the ETD Lifecycle Management project is promoting best practices and improving the capacity of academic libraries to preserve ETDs for future researchers.
Director, Center for Digital Research & Scholarship
Services (formerly Digital Library & Archives)
Professor, University Libraries
Today, the US White House Office of Science and Technology Policy issued a directive to federal agencies that own or support scientific collections calling for improved management and access to these collections.
The announcement is at
and the directive itself is at
A short quote from the directive that provides some sense of the scope:
Therefore, the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) hereby directs each Federal agency that owns, maintains, or otherwise financially supports permanent scientific collections to develop a draft scientific-collections management and access policy within six months. Agencies should collaborate through the IWGSC [the Interagency Working Group on Scientific Collections] while developing these draft policies to reduce redundancy and identify opportunities for common requirements and standards. The end goal will be a systematic improvement of the development, management, accessibility, and preservation of scientific collections owned and/or funded by Federal agencies.
The requirements below are intended to apply to institutional scientific collections owned, maintained, or financially supported by the U.S. Government. This policy applies to scientific collections, known in some disciplines as institutional collections, permanent collections, archival collections, museum collections, or voucher collections, which are assets with long-term scientific value. Materials assembled specifically for short-term use, sometimes referred to as “project collections”, and not intended for long-term preservation, do not fall under this policy, but such collections should be reviewed periodically and carefully to ensure that they should not be considered institutional collections.
A Guide to the Spring 2014
Coalition for Networked Information Membership Meeting
The Spring 2014 CNI Membership Meeting, to be held at The Ritz-Carlton in St. Louis, Missouri on March 31 and April 1, offers a wide range of presentations that advance and report on CNI’s programs, showcase projects underway at CNI member institutions, and highlight important national and international developments. Here is the customary “roadmap” to the sessions at the meeting, which includes both plenary events and an extensive series of breakout sessions focusing on current developments in networked information.
As usual, the CNI meeting proper is preceded by an optional orientation session for new attendees-both representatives of new member organizations and new representatives or alternate delegates from existing member organizations-at 11:30 AM; guests are also welcome. Refreshments are available for all at 12:15 PM on Monday, March 31. The opening plenary is at 1:15 PM and will be followed by three rounds of parallel breakout sessions. Tuesday, April 1, includes additional rounds of parallel breakout sessions, lunch, and the closing keynote, concluding around 3:30 PM. Along with plenary and breakout sessions, the meeting includes generous break time for informal networking with colleagues and a reception which will run until 7:15 PM on the evening of Monday, March 31, after which participants can enjoy a free evening in St. Louis.
The CNI meeting agenda is subject to last minute changes, particularly in the breakout sessions, and you can find the most current information on our website, www.cni.org, and on the announcements board near the registration desk at the meeting. Information about wireless access in the meeting room areas will be available in your packets or at the registration table.
The Plenary Sessions
We have a wonderful pair of plenary sessions for our meeting. Bryan Alexander and I will open the meeting on Monday with a wide-ranging conversation on current topics ranging from implications of distance education and MOOCs to device ecosystems and the growth of walled gardens for various kinds of media. We’ll look both at broad macro trends – economic, technical, social, political – and some specific developments that have caught our attention recently. And, of course, we’ll speculate a bit about the future.
For those who want to continue the conversation, we’ve scheduled a breakout session later in the afternoon on Monday.
Bryan Alexander is a well known futurist, consultant and technologist who has been heavily involved in social media, instructional technology and technology-driven changes in pedagogy; a good deal of his work has been focused on liberal arts colleges and he is a Senior Fellow at the National Institute for Technology in Liberal Education (NITLE). He has also spent time as a professor of English, and holds a PhD in that field. Visit his website at www.bryanalexander.org for more information, or to subscribe to his monthly newsletter, Future Trends in Technology & Education.
The closing plenary session honors the memory of CNI’s founding director, Paul Evan Peters, by presenting the award that CNI, EDUCAUSE, and the Association of Research Libraries established in his memory. The 2014 recipient of the award is Donald A.B. Lindberg, M.D., the long-time director of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and also, concurrently, in 1992-1995, the founding director of the National Coordinating Office for High Performance Computing and Communication. The criteria for the Paul Evan Peters award speak to sustained contributions at the highest level in the use of technology and information to change society and to advance scholarship. The record of achievement by the National Library of Medicine under Don’s leadership is truly amazing in this regard, and spans areas from research frontiers in molecular biology and genomics to the way that individuals worldwide conceptualize, discover and use medical and health information.
After presentation of the award, Dr. Lindberg will deliver the Paul Evan Peters Memorial Lecture, reflecting broadly on the past, present and future of information technology, the life and health sciences, and the work of NLM. This should be a very special occasion.
You can find more details on the plenary speakers and on the Paul Evan Peters award on the CNI website.
Highlighted Breakout Sessions
I will not attempt a comprehensive summary of breakout sessions here; we offer a great wealth and diversity of material. However, I want to note, particularly, some sessions that have strong connections to the Coalition’s 2013-2014 Program Plan (www.cni.org/program/2013-2014/) and also other sessions of special interest, and to provide some additional context for a few sessions that may be helpful to attendees in making session choices. I do realize that choosing among so many interesting concurrent sessions can be frustrating, and as always we will try to put material from the breakout sessions on our website following the meeting.
Many of the project briefings address a variety of themes related to scholarly communication, e-research, and repositories. OCLC is doing some important thinking about the evolving scholarly record, working to expand our understanding of what types of digital objects we will need to curate for researchers from generations to come. A session on the Journalism Digital News Archive (JDNA) provides a good case study of how the Internet environment is having a major impact on traditional forms of evidence that supports scholarly work and will examine the challenges of preserving born-digital news.
Other scholarly communications sessions include:
o SHARE Project Update, a proposed system of cross-institutional repositories, in which presenters will focus on an automated system for registering and disseminating events related to research results (such as publication of an article or deposition of a dataset). This is a very rapidly evolving vision and implementation plan.
oCan a Consortium Build a Viable Preservation Repository? in which representatives from the Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) describe their project, including its planned relationship to the Digital Preservation Network (DPN).
o Community-based Stewardship at Pennsylvania State University, where they will report on their initiatives to provide a repository both for scholars and for institutional records.
oUse Altmetrics to Uncover the Hidden Scholarly Dialogue, an exploration by Plum Analytics of new modes of understanding the impact of scholars’ work.
We will have a report on a study from University of Michigan that collects data and analyzes the actual impact of library purchasing on the economics of university press publishers; it has been conventional wisdom for some time that as some libraries spend more on serials and less on monographs, it has hurt the viability of university presses. This study takes a closer look at the data.
A core area of CNI’s program has highlighted innovations in digital library content development. Two libraries will share their strategies for contributing local/regional content to the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA). An important German project describing the creation of an open access, comprehensive digital encyclopedia of World War I, compiled as an international collaboration, will be featured. A briefing on Manuscriptlink will discuss tools for re-aggregating segments of medieval manuscript materials that are held in geographically dispersed locations.
CNI continues to feature sessions that address the preservation of a wide variety of content related to our cultural heritage. Portico is moving beyond journal preservation to begin to address other challenges, such as the preservation of e-books, and I want to bring that work to the attention of our CNI constituency. We will also have a presentation that highlights the work of participants in the National Digital Stewardship Residency Program from individuals working at PBS and the National Security Archive.
We are seeing a maturation of work on efforts related to researcher identifiers and research management systems. I want to call your attention to a program called CASRAI; this work is seeking to simplify interoperability of research administration data across multiple tools, organizations, and countries; our colleague from Jisc will describe the UK work on this project. We will also learn about an OCLC effort to examine the integration of researcher identifiers into the systems and practices of libraries, publishers, and funders. Representatives from ORCID and two universities will describe their work to integrate ORCID researcher identifiers into the repository workflow.
We will have a update on the ResourceSync project, which assists third parties to keep information synchronized with selected web resources and thus promises to be an important part of the broad web information ecology, by Herbert Van de Sompel and Martin Klein of Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Large collections of digital materials need new perspectives and solutions for information organization, access and retrieval, particularly as the ecology of discovery and access systems becomes ever more complex. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas will describe their work on an exploratory project using linked data with their digital collections. Representatives from Ex Libris and Boston University will discuss their work on optimizing known item discovery. Tom Cramer of Stanford will discuss how the Hydra Project and Blacklight are providing a means for institutions to develop a technical framework that promises an integrated stack of services for all types of digital content. A session on the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) will focus on an approach to delivering a wide variety of digital images in a standard way.
An increasing number of universities and colleges are developing a set of services to support the work of faculty and students working on high-end digital projects in a variety of fields; these are sometimes developed as digital scholarship centers or labs. Immediately following the CNI meeting, we will have a specialized (invitational) workshop examining the role, services, staffing, and programs of these centers. At the membership meeting, we will highlight digital scholarship or digital humanities centers from the University of Notre Dame and the University of Miami in one session, and the University of Oregon in another. A session from the University of Rochester will focus on support of digital humanities faculty and its relationship to teaching and learning. Staff from the University of Calgary will discuss their experiences working with faculty and graduate students in their data visualization center.
A session will provide an opportunity for attendees to see the beta version of FLEXSpace, the Flexible Learning Environment eXchange, a new project that aggregates information on many aspects of institutions’ physical learning spaces on an ARTstor Shared Shelf platform.
Teaching and learning will be the topic of a number of sessions, some focusing on services and others on digital learning materials. The Association of College & Research Libraries will highlight its work on the synergies between information literacy and scholarly communication.
Other sessions highlighting teaching and learning include:
o Perceptions of Library Support for Formal Undergraduate Research Programs, a systematic study of these programs.
oE-Textbook Initiatives in Libraries and IT Organizations, where we will hear about projects in three institutions and what they are learning.
o Course Readings in Learning Management Systems, which describes an initiative to integrate publications licensed by EBSCO directly into a learning management system.
We will have some sessions that describe new services and assessment, including a report on a study of Centers for Excellence in Libraries, an assessment of a social media program run by a library, and a critical look at library and IT assessment strategies. Findings from the Ithaka S+R US Library Survey 2013, recently published, will be presented. Three liberal arts colleges will report on their assessments of their e-book programs. North Carolina State University and the University of Calgary will describe their innovative and popular equipment loan programs.
In order to better serve our constituencies, we need to understand what competencies are needed for staff; the Association of Research Libraries has worked with two international groups to identify these competencies in relation to support of e-research and scholarly communication and will report on the outcomes of this work.
Finally, we will have a session that addresses some issues that have been on my mind and that I believe deserve the attention of CNI representatives. Helen Cullyer of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and consultants Joe Esposito and Gary Price, will lead a session on Privacy in the Digital Age: Publishers, Libraries and Higher Education, examining the implications of the amount of data that our institutions and businesses are collecting regarding the information we access and use.
I invite you to browse the complete list of breakout sessions (full abstracts will be posted soon) at the CNI website: https://www.cni.org/spring-2014/s14-project-briefings-breakout-sessions/. In many cases you will find these abstracts include pointers to web resources that you may find useful to explore prior to the session, and after the meeting we will add materials from the actual presentations as they are available to us. We will also be recording the plenary sessions and capturing a few selected breakout sessions using voice over visuals and making those available after the meeting. There will be a list of the breakouts we plan to capture at the registration table, but please keep in mind that these session captures do not include the discussion part of the breakout, and that we occasionally have problems with the captures. There’s no substitute for being there in person!
You can follow the meeting on Twitter by using the hashtag #cni14s.
I look forward to seeing you in St. Louis. Please contact me (cliff), or Joan Lippincott, CNI’s Associate Director (joan), if we can provide you with any additional information on the meeting.