3D Scanning for Small Budgets: How Local Libraries and Museums Will Play a Role in Creating a 3D Digital Library

Jennifer Johnson
Digital Scholarship Outreach Librarian
Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis

JD Schaumberg
Director of Business Development
Online Resources, Inc.

Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) University Library has been digitizing and providing access to community and cultural heritage collections since 2006. Varying formats include: audio, video, photographs, slides, negatives, and text (bound, loose). The library provides access to these collections using CONTENTdm. As 3D technologies become increasingly popular in libraries and museums, IUPUI University Library is exploring the workflows and processes as they relate to 3D artifacts. The library is collaborating with Online Resources Inc., a company that specializes in 3D technology to digitize artifacts from the Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site. Online Resources has seen the high prices and complexity of systems hinder entrance into 3D data collection. They have made great strides in cost reduction for small budgets, and clarifying the best scanning system for the job. This presentation will demonstrate Creaform’s Go!Scan 3D while discussing collection digitization for small museums. Presenters will share insight on: key terms and features, how to filter to the correct 3D scanner, and how to reduce the cost of 3D scanning. This session will include discussion of how this technology may be implemented at the local level.

Achieving Meaningful Interoperability for Web-based Scholarship

Herbert Van de Sompel
Information Scientist
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Michael L. Nelson
Professor Computer Science
Old Dominion University

Over the past 15 years, our perspective on tackling information interoperability problems for Web-based scholarship has evolved significantly. In this presentation, we look back at three efforts that we have been involved in that aptly illustrate this evolution: OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative – Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, 1999), OAI-ORE (Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange, 2006), and Memento (2009). Understanding that no interoperability specification is neutral, we attempt to characterize the perspectives and technical toolkits that provided the basis for these endeavors. With that regard, we consider repository-centric and Web-centric interoperability perspectives, and the use of a Linked Data or a REST/HATEAOS (Representational State Transfer/Hypertext As The Engine Of Application State) technology stack, respectively. We consider that the REST/HATEAOS approach has the lowest barrier to entry because it is directly based on the omnipresent HTTP. Therefore, we suggest that this approach has the best chance for achieving a coarse yet meaningful level of interoperability across nodes that play a role in Web-based scholarly communication and research. We provide examples of common patterns in Web-based scholarship that can be tackled using this approach, including the landing page pattern, resource versioning, creating snapshots, for example, of software in scholarly repositories.



All for One and One for All: A Global Approach to Image Interoperability via IIIF

Tom Cramer
Assistant University Librarian
Stanford University

Images are a fundamental information resource on the web, and while viewing them can be straightforward (except for very large images—an increasing need), interacting with them presents challenges, especially in a research context: sharing, citing, analyzing or annotating them is not yet straightforward. The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a new paradigm in working with images on the Web. Rather than a specific technology or implementation, it features a set of application programming interfaces (APIs) through which image-based resources can be presented and consumed. By presenting a framework for interoperability, IIIF enables a new level of richness to images on the Web—delivery from any source, to any user, with any application, in any combination of elements. IIIF effectively shifts images from being on the Web to being first class resources in the Web.
This has led to a “thousand flowers blooming” and there is now widespread uptake of IIIF across the globe, with a growing suite of compatible software, and hundreds of millions of IIIF-compatible images online. Recognizing its potential to both simplify and supercharge web-based image delivery, 11 international institutions* formally organized the IIIF Consortium to guide and support IIIF in June of 2015, and is now calling for additional Founding Members.
This presentation will provide an overview of IIIF, including demonstrations of some of the novel features it enables and different software packages available. It will also discuss the current direction of IIIF specification and community development.
* Members of IIIF Consortium: ARTstor, the British Library, Die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (The Bavarian State Library), Cornell, La Bibliothèque nationale de France (The National Library of France), Nasjonalbiblioteket (The National Library of Norway), Oxford, Princeton, Stanford, Wellcome Trust and Yale


The Archaeology of Infrastructure

Sayeed Choudhury
Associate Dean for Research Data Management
Johns Hopkins University

Jaap Geraerts
Research Associate, Centre for Editing Lives and Letters
University College London

Whereas previous scholarship often used marginal annotations to probe into the mind of a specific reader, more recently scholars have become interested in the history of reading, a sub-discipline that focuses on the actual practice of reading. As a result, projects such as the Archaeology of Reading need to enable scholars to study all the interventions readers made in their books. The first part of this presentation will explain the way in which these scholarly asks have informed the way readers’ interventions are captured. Moreover, it will discuss the process of developing a bespoke transcription protocol, which involved close cooperation between scholars and technical experts. The second part of this presentation will describe the manner through which the scholars and technologists worked closely together throughout the infrastructure development. In addition to the results of this deep engagement, we will describe the process by which we developed use cases, used GitHub to develop and share the transcription protocol and augmented an existing infrastructure to support digital manuscripts. This underlying infrastructure represents a framework including linked data, application program interfaces (APIs) and endpoints that facilitates use of data by third parties and integration with International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) compliant viewers such as Mirador and Universal Viewer.



Archivportal-D: The National Platform for Archival Information in Germany

Christina Wolf
Head of Project, Archivportal-D
Landesarchiv Baden-Wuerttemberg

Nadine Seidu
Project Manager, Archivportal-D
Landesarchiv Baden-Wuerttemberg

For the first time, the German Archives Portal Archivportal-D, financed by the German Research Foundation (DFG), offers centralized and comprehensive access to the records of various kinds of German archives. The portal includes such varied resources including state and communal archives, as well as church and business records. Researchers are able to find archival information, look through finding aids provided by participating archives, view search results and study digital copies of archival records.

Archivportal-D is part of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (the overall German digital library) and is connected with other archival information systems of both regional and European significance. Given Germany’s federal system, this project is an excellent example of what professional communities can achieve through combined efforts.